Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback: Battery

A: REMOVAL

1) After disconnecting the battery ground terminal, remove the terminal cover, then disconnect the positive terminal.

2) Remove the battery cable holder from the battery rod.

3) Remove flange nut from the battery rod and remove battery holder.

Subaru Outback. Starting/Charging Systems

Remove the battery.

B: INSTALLATION

Install in the reverse order of removal.

Tightening torque: 3.5 N*m (0.4 kgf-m, 2.6 ft-lb)

NOTE:

C: INSPECTION

WARNING:

1. EXTERNAL PARTS

Check the battery case, top cover, vent plugs, and terminal posts for dirt or cracks. If necessary, clean with water and wipe with a dry cloth.

Apply a thin coat of grease on the terminal posts to prevent corrosion.

2. ELECTROLYTE LEVEL

Check the electrolyte level in each cell. If the level is below MIN level, bring the level to MAX level by pouring distilled water into the battery cell. Do not fill beyond MAX level.

3. SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF ELECTROLYTE

1) Measure specific gravity of electrolyte using a hydrometer and a thermometer.

Specific gravity varies with temperature of electrolyte so that it must be corrected at 20ºC (68ºF) using the following calculation:

S20 = St + 0.0007 × (t - 20)

S20: Specific gravity corrected at electrolyte temperature of 20ºC (68ºF)
St: Measured specific gravity
t: Measured temperature (ºC)
Judge whether or not battery must be charged, according to corrected specific gravity.
Standard specific gravity: 1.220 - 1.290 [at 20ºC (68ºF) ]

2) Measuring the specific gravity of the electrolyte in the battery will disclose the state of charge of the battery. The relation between specific gravity and state of charge is as shown in the figure.

Subaru Outback. Starting/Charging Systems

D: MEASUREMENT

WARNING:

Do not bring an open flame close to the battery when working.

CAUTION:

1. JUDGMENT OF BATTERY IN CHARGED CONDITION

1) Specific gravity of electrolyte should be held within the specific range from 1.250 to 1.290 for one hour or more.

2) Voltage per battery cell should be held at a specific value in a range from 2.5 to 2.8 V for one hour or more.

2. CHECK CONDITION OF CHARGE WITH HYDROMETER

Subaru Outback. Starting/Charging Systems

3. NORMAL CHARGING

Charge the battery at the current value specified by manufacturer or at approximately 1/10 of battery's ampere-hour rating.

4. QUICK CHARGING

CAUTION:

Quick charging is a method that the battery is charged in a short period of time with a relatively large current by using a quick charger.

Since a large current flow raises electrolyte temperature, the battery is subject to damage if the large current is used for prolonged time. For this reason, quick charging must be carried out within a current range that will not raise the electrolyte temperature to 40ºC (104ºF) or more.

Also the quick charging is a temporary mean to bring battery voltage up to some level, and battery should be charged slowly with low current as a rule.

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