Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback: DTC P0171, P0172, P0181, P0182, P0183, P0196, P0197, P0198, P0201, P0202, P0203, P0204, P0222, P0223, P0301, P0302, P0303, P0304

Subaru Outback (BR) 2010-2015 Service Manual / Engine - H4SO / General Description (Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) ) / DTC P0171, P0172, P0181, P0182, P0183, P0196, P0197, P0198, P0201, P0202, P0203, P0204, P0222, P0223, P0301, P0302, P0303, P0304

AR:DTC P0171 SYSTEM TOO LEAN (BANK 1)

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect fuel system malfunction by the amount of main feedback control.

Diagnostic method

Fuel system is diagnosed by comparing the target air fuel ratio calculated by ECM with the actual air fuel ratio measured by sensor.

2. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 1

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Perform the diagnosis continuously at idling or at a constant speed after warming up the engine.

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Compare the diagnostic value (fsobd) with the threshold value, and if a condition meeting the malfunction criteria below continues for 10 s × 5 time(s) or more, judge that there is a fault in the fuel system.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 2

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 10 s × 5 time(s)

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 10 s

AS:DTC P0172 SYSTEM TOO RICH (BANK 1)

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect fuel system malfunction by the amount of main feedback control.

Diagnostic method

Fuel system is diagnosed by comparing the target air fuel ratio calculated by ECM with the actual air fuel ratio measured by sensor.

2. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 1

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Perform the diagnosis continuously at idling or at a constant speed after warming up the engine.

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Compare the diagnostic value (fsobd) with the threshold value, and if a condition meeting the malfunction criteria below continues for 10 s × 5 time(s) or more, judge that there is a fault in the fuel system.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 2

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 10 s × 5 time(s)

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

Judge as OK if the status that the criteria below are met continues for 10 seconds.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 10 s

AT:DTC P0181 FUEL TEMPERATURE SENSOR "A" CIRCUIT RANGE/PERFORMANCE

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect faults in the fuel temperature sensor output properties.

Diagnosis is performed in two methods (drift diagnosis and stuck diagnosis). If either is NG, judge as NG. If both are OK, Judge as OK and clear the NG.

Drift Diagnosis

Normally fuel temperature is lower than engine coolant temperature. When the fuel temperature becomes higher than the engine coolant temperature, the range is considered to be shifted, and judged as NG.

Stuck Diagnosis

As the engine warms up (cumulative amount of intake air after starting is large), if the fuel temperature which should rise does not, determine as being stuck and NG.

2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

Subaru Outback. General Description

  1. Resistance value (Ω)
  2. Fuel temperature ºC (ºF)

3. ENABLE CONDITION

DRIFT DIAGNOSIS

Subaru Outback. General Description

4. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

5. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 120 s

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

6. ENABLE CONDITION

Stuck Diagnosis

Subaru Outback. General Description

7. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Perform the diagnosis continuously 20 seconds after starting engine.

8. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Judge as NG when the following conditions are established.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the following conditions are established.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

AU:DTC P0182 FUEL TEMPERATURE SENSOR "A" CIRCUIT LOW INPUT

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of fuel temperature sensor.

Judge as NG if out of specification.

2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

Subaru Outback. General Description

  1. Resistance value (Ω)
  2. Fuel temperature ºC (ºF)

3. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

4. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

5. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 2500 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

AV:DTC P0183 FUEL TEMPERATURE SENSOR "A" CIRCUIT HIGH INPUT

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of fuel temperature sensor.

Judge as NG if out of specification.

2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

Subaru Outback. General Description

  1. Resistance value (Ω)
  2. Fuel temperature ºC (ºF)

3. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

4. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

5. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 2500 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

AW:DTC P0196 ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR CIRCUIT RANGE/PERFORMANCE

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect for abnormal values in the oil temperature sensor output properties.

Judge as NG when the oil temperature does not rise even though the engine is running under a condition where it should rise.

2. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Perform the diagnosis continuously after starting the engine.

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Judge as NG when the following conditions are established.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

After engine start oil temperature sensor characteristic diagnosis timer (timer for diagnosis).

a. Timer stop at fuel cut
b. During the driving conditions except a) above, timer counts up as follows.
64 ms + TOILCNT ms (when at 64 ms)
Where, TOILCNT is determined as follows,
TOILCNT = 0 at idle switch ON
For TOILCNT at Idle switch off, refer to the following table.

Subaru Outback. General Description

After engine start oil temperature characteristic diagnosis timer judgment value (t).

t = 1882940 ms - 43302 ms × Ti (t ≥ 2400000)

Ti = The lowest coolant temperature after starting the engine.

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the following conditions are established.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

AX:DTC P0197 ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR LOW

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of the oil temperature sensor.

Judge as NG when outside of the judgment value.

2. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 500 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

AY:DTC P0198 ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR HIGH

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of the oil temperature sensor.

Judge as NG when outside of the judgment value.

2. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 500 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

AZ:DTC P0201 INJECTOR #1

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Based on the self-diagnostic result of the injector driving IC, judge the injector driving circuit as normal or abnormal.

Injector driving IC detects the status of "fuel remains injected" or "fuel is not injected" as a malfunction.

2. ENABLE CONDITIONS

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Judge as NG when the following conditions are established.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 2500 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the following conditions are established.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: Less than 1 second

BA:DTC P0202 INJECTOR #2

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

NOTE: For the detection standard, refer to DTC P0201. <Ref. to GD(H4SO)-105, DTC P0201 INJECTOR #1, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Detecting Criteria.>

BB:DTC P0203 INJECTOR #3

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

NOTE: For the detection standard, refer to DTC P0201. <Ref. to GD(H4SO)-105, DTC P0201 INJECTOR #1, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Detecting Criteria.>

BC:DTC P0204 INJECTOR #4

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

NOTE: For the detection standard, refer to DTC P0201. <Ref. to GD(H4SO)-105, DTC P0201 INJECTOR #1, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Detecting Criteria.>

BD:DTC P0222 THROTTLE/PEDAL POSITION SENSOR/SWITCH "B" CIRCUIT LOW

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of throttle position sensor 2.

Judge as NG if out of specification.

2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

Subaru Outback. General Description

  1. Throttle position sensor 1 signal
  2. Throttle position sensor 2 signal
  3. Throttle position sensor
  4. Engine control module (ECM)

3. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

4. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

5. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 24 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 24 ms

BE:DTC P0223 THROTTLE/PEDAL POSITION SENSOR/SWITCH "B" CIRCUIT HIGH

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the open or short circuit of throttle position sensor 2.

Judge as NG if out of specification.

2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

Subaru Outback. General Description

  1. Throttle position sensor 1 signal
  2. Throttle position sensor 2 signal
  3. Throttle position sensor
  4. Engine control module (ECM)

3. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

4. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

Always perform the diagnosis continuously.

5. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

If the duration of time while the following conditions are met is longer than the time indicated, judge as NG.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 24 ms

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judge as OK and clear the NG if the continuous time while the following conditions are established is more than the predetermined time.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 24 ms

BF:DTC P0301 CYLINDER 1 MISFIRE DETECTED

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

Detect the presence of misfire occurrence. (Revolution fluctuation method)

Monitoring Misfire which influences exhaust deterioration (1.5 times of FTP) and catalyst damage is made obligatory by the law. Misfire affecting these two has two patterns below. :

The following detecting methods are adopted for these detection.

1) Intermittent misfire: FTP 1.5 times misfire

2) Misfire every time: FTP 1.5 times misfire, Catalyst damage misfire

2. ENABLE CONDITION

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 1

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 2 (PZEV CVT model)

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 2 (PZEV MT model)

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 2 (CVT model except for PZEV)

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 2 (MT model except for PZEV)

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

3. GENERAL DRIVING CYCLE

4. DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

When a misfire occurs, the engine speed will decrease and the crankshaft position speed will change. Calculate the interval difference value (diagnostic value) from crankshaft position speed by the following formula, and judge whether a misfire is occurring or not comparing the calculated result with judgment value. Count the number of misfires, if the misfire ratio is higher during 1000 revs. or 200 revs., judge corresponding cylinders as NG.

Subaru Outback. General Description

As shown in the following figure, pick a cylinder as the standard and name it omg 0. And the former crankshaft position speed is named omg 1, the second former crankshaft position speed is named omg 2, the third is named omg 3, etc.

Subaru Outback. General Description

  1. Ignition order
  2. Crankshaft position speed

180º Interval Difference Method

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

360º Interval Difference Method

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

720º Interval Difference Method

Subaru Outback. General Description

Subaru Outback. General Description

Judgment Value (Judge that malfunction occurs when the misfire ratio is high in 1000 engine revs.)

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 1000 engine revs.

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates when malfunction occurs in 2 continuous driving cycles.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 1000 engine revs.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Map 3

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 200 engine revs.

Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination: Illuminates as soon as a malfunction occurs.

Judgment Value

Subaru Outback. General Description

Time Needed for Diagnosis: 200 engine revs.

BG:DTC P0302 CYLINDER 2 MISFIRE DETECTED

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

NOTE: For the detection standard, refer to DTC P0301. <Ref. to GD(H4SO)-111, DTC P0301 CYLINDER 1 MISFIRE DETECTED, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Detecting Criteria.>

BH:DTC P0303 CYLINDER 3 MISFIRE DETECTED

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

NOTE: For the detection standard, refer to DTC P0301. <Ref. to GD(H4SO)-111, DTC P0301 CYLINDER 1 MISFIRE DETECTED, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Detecting Criteria.>

BI: DTC P0304 CYLINDER 4 MISFIRE DETECTED

1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS

NOTE: For the detection standard, refer to DTC P0301. <Ref. to GD(H4SO)-111, DTC P0301 CYLINDER 1 MISFIRE DETECTED, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Detecting Criteria.>

READ NEXT:

 DTC P0327, P0328, P0335, P0336, P0340, P0341, P0351, P0352, P0353, P0354, P0400, P0420

BJ:DTC P0327 KNOCK SENSOR 1 CIRCUIT LOW (BANK 1 OR SINGLE SENSOR) 1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS Detect the open or short circuit of knock sensor. Judge as NG if out of specification. 2. COMPONENT DESCRIPTI

 DTC P0442, P0447, P0448, P0451, P0452, P0453, P0456, P0457, P0458, P0459, P0461, P0462, P0463, P0464

BV:DTC P0442 EVAPORATIVE EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM LEAK DETECTED (SMALL LEAK) 1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS The evaporative system monitor detects leak up to 0.020 inch in the fuel tank and evaporative emiss

 DTC P0500, P0506, P0507, P050A, P050B, P0512, P0513, P0604, P0605, P0607, P0638, P0700, P0851, P0852

CJ:DTC P0500 VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR "A" 1. OUTLINE OF DIAGNOSIS Judge as NG when outside of the judgment value. Judge NG when the received data from VDCCM&H/U is abnormal vehicle speed, and the ve

SEE MORE:

 Parking in cold weather

WARNING Snow can trap dangerous exhaust gases under your vehicle. Keep snow clear of the exhaust pipe and from around your vehicle if you park the vehicle in snow with the engine running. Do not use the parking brake when parking for long periods in cold weather since it could freeze in that

 Rear Differential (VA-type)

A: REMOVAL The removal procedure for VA-type is included in "REMOVAL" for T-type. <Ref. to DI-26, REMOVAL, Rear Differential (T-type).> B: INSTALLATION The installation procedure for VA-type is included in "INSTALLATION" for T-type. <Ref. to DI-28, INSTALLATION, Rear Differential (T-type).&

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