Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback: Drive Pinion Shaft Assembly

A: REMOVAL

1) Remove the manual transmission assembly from the vehicle. <Ref. to 6MT-25, REMOVAL, Manual Transmission Assembly.>

2) Remove the transfer case together with the extension case assembly. <Ref. to 6MT-40, REMOVAL, Transfer Case and Extension Case Assembly.>

3) Remove the transmission case. <Ref. to 6MT- 57, REMOVAL, Transmission Case.>

4) Remove the drive pinion shaft assembly.

NOTE: Use a hammer handle, etc. to remove if too tight.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Main shaft ASSY for single-range
  2. Drive pinion shaft ASSY

B: INSTALLATION

1) Remove the front differential assembly.

2) Hypoid gear set match mark/No.: The number (A) on top of the drive pinion, and the number on the hypoid driven gear are set numbers for the two gears. Use a pair having the same numbers.

The figure (B) below shows a number for shim adjustment.

If no number is shown, the value is zero.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Set number
  2. Number for shim adjustment

3) Place the drive pinion shaft assembly on transmission main case RH without shim and tighten the bearing mounting bolts.

4) Check and adjust the ST.

NOTE:

ST 499917500 DRIVE PINION GAUGE ASSY

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Plate
  2. Scale

5) Position the ST by inserting the knock pin of ST into the knock hole of transmission case.

ST 499917500 DRIVE PINION GAUGE ASSY

6) Slide the drive pinion gauge scale with finger tip and read the value at the point where it matches with the end face of drive pinion.

ST 499917500 DRIVE PINION GAUGE ASSY

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Adjust the clearance to zero without shim.

7) The thickness of shim shall be determined by adding the value indicated on drive pinion to the value indicated on the ST. (Add if the number on drive pinion is prefixed by +, and subtract if the number is prefixed by -.) ST 499917500 DRIVE PINION GAUGE ASSY

8) Select one to three shims in the following table for the value determined as described above, and take the shim(s) which thickness is closest to the said value.

NOTE: Install the shim with it's cut in facing the shifter fork & rod side.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

9) Install the front differential assembly. <Ref. to 6MT-77, INSTALLATION, Front Differential Assembly.>

10) Fit the transmission case knock pin to the knock pin hole of the roller bearing and install the drive pinion shaft assembly.

11) Install the main shaft assembly for single-range.

<Ref. to 6MT-60, INSTALLATION, Main Shaft Assembly for Single-Range.>

12) Check each shifter fork. <Ref. to 6MT-92, INSPECTION, Shifter Fork and Rod.>

13) Install the transmission case. <Ref. to 6MT-58, INSTALLATION, Transmission Case.>

14) Install the transfer case together with the extension case assembly. <Ref. to 6MT-40, INSTALLATION, Transfer Case and Extension Case Assembly.>

15) Install the manual transmission assembly to the vehicle. <Ref. to 6MT-29, INSTALLATION, Manual Transmission Assembly.>

C: DISASSEMBLY

NOTE:

1) Flatten the tab of the lock nut. Remove the lock nut with ST1, ST2 and ST3.

ST1 18680AA020 HOLDER
ST2 18667AA020 HOLDER
ST3 18662AA010 SOCKET WRENCH (27)

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

2) Draw out the drive pinion from driven shaft.

Remove the differential bevel gear sleeve, adjusting washer No. 1, adjusting washer No. 2, thrust bearing, needle bearing and drive pinion collar.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Differential bevel gear sleeve
  2. Adjusting washer No. 1 (25 × 36 × t)
  3. Thrust bearing (25 × 36 × 2)
  4. Adjusting washer No. 2 (25 × 36 × t)
  5. Needle bearing (25 × 30 × 20)
  6. Drive pinion collar
  7. Needle bearing (30 × 37 × 23)
  8. Thrust bearing (33 × 50 × 3)

3) Remove the roller bearing and washer using ST and a press.

NOTE: Do not reuse the roller bearing.

ST 498077000 REMOVER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

4) Flatten the tab of the lock nut. Remove the lock nut using ST1 and ST2.

ST1 499987300 SOCKET WRENCH (50)
ST2 18680AA020 HOLDER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

5) Remove the ball bearing, 6th driven gear and drive pinion spacer using the ST1, ST2 and a press.

ST1 899754112 PRESS
ST2 899714110 REMOVER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

6) Remove the taper roller bearing and 3rd-4th driven gear using ST1, ST2 and a press.

ST1 899754112 PRESS
ST2 899714110 REMOVER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

7) Remove the key.

8) Remove the 2nd driven gear, inner baulk ring, synchro cone, outer baulk ring and 1st-2nd coupling sleeve.

9) Remove the 1st driven gear, inner baulk ring, synchro cone, outer baulk ring, 2nd gear bushing and 1st-2nd synchronizer hub using ST and a press.

ST 18762AA000 COMPRESSOR SPECIAL TOOL

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

D: ASSEMBLY

1) Install the sleeve and the gear and hub assembly by matching the alignment marks.

NOTE:

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. 1st-2nd sleeve & hub ASSY
  2. 1st gear side

2) Install the 1st driven gear, inner baulk ring, synchro cone and outer baulk ring and 1st-2nd synchronizer hub onto driven shaft.

NOTE:

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. 1st driven gear
  2. Inner baulk ring
  3. Synchro cone
  4. Outer baulk ring
  5. 1st-2nd synchronizer hub

3) Install the 2nd driven gear bushing onto driven shaft using ST and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

NOTE:

ST 18654AA000 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. 2nd driven gear bushing

4) Attach the 1st-2nd coupling sleeve and 1st-2nd shifting insert key to the driven shaft.

NOTE:

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. 1st-2nd coupling sleeve
  2. 1st-2nd shifting insert key (three positions)

5) Install the outer baulk ring, synchro cone, inner baulk ring and 2nd driven gear to driven shaft.

NOTE: Align the groove in baulk ring with the insert.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Outer baulk ring
  2. Synchro cone
  3. Inner baulk ring

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. 2nd driven gear
  2. Inner baulk ring
  3. Synchro cone
  4. Outer baulk ring
  5. 1st-2nd coupling sleeve

6) After installing key on driven shaft, install the 3rd-4th driven gear using a ST and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

ST 499277200 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

7) Install a set of roller bearings onto the driven shaft using ST and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

ST 499277200 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

8) Install the 5th driven gear onto driven shaft using ST and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

NOTE: Install the 5th driven gear with the groove side facing the 6th driven gear.

ST 499277200 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Install with the groove side facing the 6th driven gear.

9) Install the drive pinion spacer to driven shaft, then install the 6th driven gear to driven shaft using the ST and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

NOTE: Install the 6th driven gear with the stepped side facing the 5th driven gear.

ST 499277200 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Install with the stepped side facing the 5th driven gear.

10) Install the ball bearing onto driven shaft using ST and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

ST 499277200 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

11) Tighten the lock nuts to the specified torque using ST1 and ST2.

NOTE: Use a new lock nut.

Tightening torque: 440 N*m (44.9 kgf-m, 324.5 ft-lb)

ST1 499987300 SOCKET WRENCH (50)
ST2 18680AA020 HOLDER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

12) Using a spring scale, check that starting torque of the roller bearing is 0.1 to 1.5 N (0.01 to 0.15 kgf, 0.02 to 0.34 lbf).

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

13) Crimp the locknut in 2 locations.

14) Install the roller bearing onto drive pinion.

NOTE: When installing the roller bearing, direct the knock pin hole of outer race toward rear.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Roller bearing
  2. Knock pin hole

15) Install the washer using ST1, ST2 and a press.

CAUTION: Do not apply a load in excess of 10 kN (1 ton, 1.1 US ton, 1.0 Imp ton).

ST1 499277100 BUSHING 1-2 INSTALLER
ST2 499277200 INSTALLER

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Washer

16) Install the thrust bearing and needle bearing.

Install the driven shaft assembly.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

17) Install the drive pinion collar, needle bearing, adjusting washer No. 2, thrust bearing, adjusting washer No. 1 and differential bevel gear sleeve in this order.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Driven shaft
  2. Drive pinion shaft
  3. Drive pinion collar
  4. Needle bearing (25 × 30 × 20)
  5. Adjusting washer No. 2 (25 × 36 × t)
  6. Thrust bearing (25 × 36 × 2)
  7. Adjusting washer No. 1 (25 × 36 × t)
  8. Differential bevel gear sleeve

18) Adjust the thrust bearing preload. <Ref. to 6MT-74, THRUST BEARING PRELOAD, ADJUSTMENT, Drive Pinion Shaft Assembly.>

E: INSPECTION

Disassembled parts should be washed with cleaning solvent first, then inspected carefully.

1) Bearing

Replace the bearings in the following cases.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Drive pinion shaft
  2. Ball bearing

2) Bushing (each gear)

Replace the bushing in following cases.

3) Gear

Replace gears in the following cases.

4) Baulk ring, synchro cone

Replace the baulk ring and synchro cone in the following cases.

Clearance (A): 0.5 mm (0.020 in) or more

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

5) Coupling sleeve and synchronizer hub

6) Shifting insert key

Replace the shifting insert key if deformed, excessively worn or defective in any way.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

F: ADJUSTMENT

1. THRUST BEARING PRELOAD

1) Select a suitable adjusting washer No. 1 so that dimension (H) will be zero in a visual check. Position the washer (20 × 31 × 4) and lock washer (20 × 31 × 2.3) and attach the lock nut.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

2) Using the ST1, ST2 and ST3, tighten the lock nut to the specified torque.

NOTE:

Tightening torque: 126 N*m (12.8 kgf-m, 92.9 ft-lb)

ST1 18680AA020 HOLDER
ST2 18667AA020 HOLDER
ST3 18662AA010 SOCKET (27)

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Nut
  2. Lock washer
  3. Washer
  4. Nut side

3) After removing the ST2 used in step 2), measure the starting torque using torque driver.

Starting torque: 0.3 - 0.8 N*m (0.03 - 0.08 kgf-m, 0.2 - 0.6 ft-lb)

ST1 18680AA020 HOLDER
ST3 18662AA010 SOCKET (27)

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

4) If the starting torque is not within the specified limit, select new adjusting washer No. 1 and recheck starting torque.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Adjusting washer No. 1
  2. Adjusting washer No. 2

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

5) If the specified starting torque cannot be obtained by the selection of adjusting washer No. 1, select adjusting washer No. 2 from the list below.

Repeat steps 1) through 4) to adjust starting torque.

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

  1. Adjusting washer No. 1
  2. Adjusting washer No. 2

Subaru Outback. Manual Transmission and Differential

6) Recheck that the starting torque is within the specified range, then crimp the lock nut at four positions.

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