Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback: Front Drive Shaft

A: REMOVAL

1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the front wheels.

2) Remove the axle nut.

CAUTION: Do not loosen the axle nut while the front axle is loaded. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

  1. Lift the crimped section of axle nut.
  2. Remove the axle nut using a socket wrench while depressing the brake pedal.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

3) Drain the transmission gear oil. (MT model)

4) Drain differential gear oil. (AT and CVT models)

5) Remove the front arm.

  1. Remove the nut and disconnect the front stabilizer link.
  2. Remove the bolt, and disconnect the front arm ball joint from the front axle housing.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

6) Remove the front drive shaft assembly. If it is hard to remove, use the ST.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: AXLE SHAFT PULLER (926470000)
ST2: AXLE SHAFT PULLER PLATE (28099PA110)

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

7) Using a bar, remove the front drive shaft from transmission.

CAUTION: Be careful not to allow the bar to damage holder area.

B: INSTALLATION

1) Before installation, check the drive shaft. <Ref. to DS-56, INSPECTION, Front Drive Shaft.>

2) Replace the differential side retainer oil seal with a new part.

NOTE: After pulling out the drive shaft, be sure to replace with a new oil seal.

3) Insert the drive shaft into the hub spline, and pull in the drive shaft into specified position.

CAUTION: Do not hammer drive shaft when installing it.

4) Tighten the axle nut temporarily.

5) Using the ST, install the front drive shaft to transmission.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: OIL SEAL PROTECTOR (28399SA010)

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

6) Install the front arm ball joint to the front axle housing.

CAUTION: Before tightening, make sure the lower side of front axle housing and stepped section of ball joint are in contact.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Lower side of front axle housing
  2. Raised section of ball joint
  3. Front axle housing
  4. Ball joint

Tightening torque: 50 N*m (5.1 kgf-m, 36.9 ft-lb)

7) Install the stabilizer link.

CAUTION: Use a new flange nut.

Tightening torque: 60 N*m (6.12 kgf-m, 44.3 ft-lb)

8) While pressing the brake pedal, tighten the new axle nuts to the specified torque.

CAUTION: Do not load the front axle before tightening the axle nut. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

Tightening torque: 220 N*m (22.43 kgf-m, 162.3 ft-lb)

9) After tightening axle nut, lock it securely.

10) Fill transmission gear oil. (MT model)

11) Fill differential gear oil. (AT and CVT models)

12) Install the front wheels.

Tightening torque: 120 N*m (12.24 kgf-m, 88.5 ft-lb)

13) Inspect the wheel alignment and adjust if necessary.

C: DISASSEMBLY

1) Remove the AAR outer race from shaft assembly.

CAUTION: Be careful not to damage the boot.

  1. Place alignment marks on the shaft and outer race.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Remove the AAR boot band and boot.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Place the drive shaft between wooden blocks and fix it on a vise.

CAUTION: Do not set the only drive shaft on a vise.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Tap the staking are of the outer race alternately with a plastic or wooden bar, and remove one roller at a time.

CAUTION:

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Remove the outer race from shaft assembly.

CAUTION: Make sure to have your associate held the outer race when removing the third roller to prevent the outer race from falling.

  1. Wipe off grease.

CAUTION: The grease is a special type of grease. Do not mix with other grease.

2) Remove the roller kit from trunnion.

CAUTION: Be careful with the roller kit position.

  1. Place alignment marks on the roller kit and trunnion.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Remove the roller kit from trunnion.

3) Remove the trunnion from the shaft.

  1. Place alignment marks on the trunnion and shaft.
  2. Remove the snap ring and trunnion.

CAUTION: Be sure to wrap shaft splines with vinyl tape to protect the boot from scratches.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

4) Remove the AAR boot.

NOTE: The AC is a non-disassembly part, so the drive shaft disassembly stops here.

D: ASSEMBLY

NOTE: Use specified grease.

AAR side: ONE LUBER C

1) Pass the AAR boot through the shaft.

2) Install the trunnion to the shaft.

  1. Match the alignment marks, and attach the trunnion onto the shaft.
  2. Attach the snap ring to the shaft.

CAUTION: Confirm that the snap ring is completely fitted in the shaft groove.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

3) Fill 50 to 60 g (1.76 to 2.12 oz) of specified grease into the interior of AAR outer race.

4) Install the trunnion to the roller kit.

  1. Apply a thin coat of specified grease to the roller kit and trunnion.
  2. Place the drive shaft between wooden blocks and fix it on a vise.

CAUTION: Do not set the drive shaft directly on a vise.

5) Align the alignment marks on the shaft and outer race.

6) Tap the insertion upper part of the outer race alternately using a plastic or wood bar shown in the figure, and then insert the roller one by one.

CAUTION:

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

7) Apply an even coat of the specified grease 30 to 40 g (1.06 to 1.41 oz) to the entire inner surface of boot.

8) Install the AAR boot and grommet taking care not to twist it.

CAUTION:

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Outer race
  2. Grommet
  3. Boot

9) Insert a flat tip screwdriver, etc. between outer race and grommet to make pressure inside of boot as high as barometric pressure.

10) Tighten the boot band.

  1. Install the new large boot band and small boot band at the required positions.
  2. Connect the torque wrench and socket flex handle to the ST.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST: BOOT BAND PLIER (28099AC000)
Torque wrench
Socket flex handle

  1. Use a prepared tool, tighten the boot band.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Large boot band
  2. Boot
  3. Torque wrench
  4. Socket flex handle
  5. Outer race

Clearance at the crimped section of the boot band:
Large boot band
1 mm (0.04 in) or less
Small boot band
1 mm (0.04 in) or less

Tightening torque:
Large boot band: 178 N*m (18.15 kgf-m, 131.3 ft-lb)
Small boot band: 145 N*m (14.79 kgf-m, 106.9 ft-lb)

11) Extend and retract the AAR repeatedly to provide an equal coating of grease.

E: INSPECTION

Check the removed parts for damage, wear, corrosion etc. If faulty, repair or replace.

READ NEXT:

 Rear Drive Shaft

A: REMOVAL 1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the rear wheels. 2) Remove the axle nut. CAUTION: Do not loosen the axle nut while the rear axle is loaded. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

 Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC)

 General Description

A: SPECIFICATION B: COMPONENT 1. ABS WHEEL SPEED SENSOR Front ABS wheel speed sensor Front axle housing Rear ABS wheel speed sensor Rear axle housing Hub unit bearing Magnetic encoder Tighte

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