Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback (BR): Rear Axle

A: REMOVAL

1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the rear wheels.

2) Remove the axle nut.

CAUTION: Do not loosen the axle nut while the rear axle is loaded. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

  1. Lift the crimped section of axle nut.
  2. Remove the axle nut using a socket wrench while depressing the brake pedal.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

3) Remove the rear disc brake caliper from the rear axle housing.

  1. Remove the bolts, and remove the brake hose bracket and ABS wheel speed sensor.
  2. Remove the mounting bolts, and then remove the rear disc brake caliper.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Prepare wiring harnesses etc. to be discarded, and suspend the rear disc brake caliper from the shock absorber with the harnesses.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

4) Remove the rear disc rotor.

NOTE: If it is difficult to remove the disc rotor, perform the following two methods in order.

1. Insert the flat tip screwdriver (b) into the brake adjustment hole (A), and rotate the adjusting screw (a) until the brake shoe moves far enough to remove the disc rotor (c).

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

2. When the disc rotor is difficult to be removed from the rear hub unit bearing, screw in 8 mm (0.31 in) bolt to the threaded part of the disc rotor (A), and remove the disc rotor.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

5) Remove the rear hub unit bearing.

CAUTION:

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Magnetic encoder
  2. Rear hub unit bearing
  1. Remove the bolt from the rear axle housing.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Remove the rear hub unit bearing.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

NOTE: If it is hard to remove, use the ST.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: AXLE SHAFT PULLER (926470000)
ST2: AXLE SHAFT PULLER PLATE (28099PA110)

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

6) Remove the front lateral link.

  1. Remove the snap pin (a) and nut (b).
  2. Using a puller, remove the ball joint.

PREPARATION TOOL: Tie-rod end puller

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

7) Remove the rear axle housing.

  1. Remove the bolts for the upper arm, trailing link, and rear lateral link, and then separate the rear axle housing.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Remove the rear axle housing.

B: INSTALLATION

1) Temporarily tighten the rear axle housing to the upper arm.

2) Aligning with the mounting hole of the rear brake back plate, temporarily tighten the rear hub unit bearing to the rear axle housing.

CAUTION:

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

  1. Magnetic encoder
  2. Rear hub unit bearing

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

3) Attach the rear drive shaft to the rear hub unit bearing.

4) Tighten the new axle nut temporarily.

CAUTION: Use new axle nuts.

5) Attach the links to the rear axle housing and tighten them to the specified torque.

Tightening torque:
Upper arm: 80 N*m (8.2 kgf-m, 59 ft-lb)
Front lateral link: 60 N*m (6.1 kgf-m, 44.3 ft-lb)
Rear lateral link: 80 N*m (8.2 kgf-m, 59 ft-lb)
Trailing link: 80 N*m (8.2 kgf-m, 59 ft-lb)

6) Tighten the rear hub unit bearing.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

Tightening torque: 65 N*m (6.63 kgf-m, 47.9 ft-lb)

7) Install the rear disc rotor.

8) Install the rear disc brake.

Tightening torque: 66 N*m (6.73 kgf-m, 48.7 ft-lb)

9) Install the brake hose bracket and rear ABS wheel speed sensor.

Tightening torque:
Brake hose bracket: 33 N*m (3.36 kgf-m, 24.3 ft-lb)
Rear ABS wheel speed sensor: 7.5 N*m (0.76 kgf-m, 5.5 ft-lb)

10) While pressing the brake pedal, tighten the new axle nuts to the specified torque.

CAUTION: Do not load the rear axle before tightening the axle nut. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

Tightening torque: 240 N*m (24.47 kgf-m, 177 ft-lb)

11) Inspect the lean of axis direction using a dial gauge. Replace the bearing if the load range exceeds the limitation.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

Service limit: Maximum: 0.05 mm (0.0020 in)

12) After tightening the axle nut, lock it securely.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

13) Install the rear wheels.

Tightening torque: 120 N*m (12.24 kgf-m, 88.5 ft-lb)

14) Moving the rear tire up and down by hand, check there is no backlash in bearing, and check the wheel rotates smoothly.

CAUTION: If there is any fault in the bearing, replace hub unit bearing.

Subaru Outback. Drive Shaft System

15) Inspect the wheel alignment and adjust if necessary.

C: DISASSEMBLY

For the removal procedure of bushing, refer to "Rear Trailing Link" in "REAR SUSPENSION". <Ref. to RS- 13, REAR AXLE HOUSING BUSHING, DISASSEMBLY, Rear Trailing Link.>

D: ASSEMBLY

For the installation procedure of bushing, refer to "Rear Trailing Link" in "REAR SUSPENSION". <Ref. to RS- 15, REAR AXLE HOUSING BUSHING, ASSEMBLY, Rear Trailing Link.>

READ NEXT:

 Rear Hub Unit Bearing

A: REMOVAL 1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the rear wheels. 2) Remove the axle nut. CAUTION: Do not loosen the axle nut while the rear axle is loaded. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

 Front Drive Shaft

A: REMOVAL 1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the front wheels. 2) Remove the axle nut. CAUTION: Do not loosen the axle nut while the front axle is loaded. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

 Rear Drive Shaft, General Diagnostic Table

A: REMOVAL 1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the rear wheels. 2) Remove the axle nut. CAUTION: Do not loosen the axle nut while the rear axle is loaded. Doing so may damage the hub bearing.

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 Driving with a trailer

● You should allow for considerably more stopping distance when towing a trailer. Avoid sudden braking because it may result in skidding or jackknifing and loss of control. ● Avoid abrupt starts and sudden accelerations. If your vehicle has a manual transmission, always start out

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