Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback: Steering Gearbox

A: REMOVAL

1) Remove the cradle. <Ref. to FS-20, REMOVAL, Cradle.>

2) Remove the bolts, and remove left and right main mounting brackets.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

3) Remove the bolts and remove the steering gearbox.

CAUTION: Be careful not to damage the steering boot.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

B: INSTALLATION

1) Before installation, check the steering gearbox. <Ref. to PS-56, INSPECTION, Steering Gearbox.>

2) Install each part in the reverse order of removal.

Tightening torque:
Steering gearbox parts: <Ref. to PS-4, COMPONENT, General Description.>
Front suspension parts: <Ref. to FS-3, COMPONENT, General Description.>

3) Inspect the wheel alignment and adjust if necessary.

C: DISASSEMBLY

1) Disconnect the four pipes from steering body and control valve housing.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

2) Secure the gearbox removed from vehicle in a vise using ST.

CAUTION: Secure the gearbox assembly in a vise using ST as shown. Do not secure the gearbox without this ST.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: STAND (926200000)
ST2: BOSS D (34199AG000)

  1. Replace BOSS of STAND (ST1) with BOSS D (ST2).
  2. Using the clamp (a) removed from vehicle body, attach the gearbox assembly to ST.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

3) Remove the left and right boots from the gearbox.

  1. Remove the tie-rod end and lock nut (a) from gearbox.
  2. Remove the clip (b) located outside the boot using the pliers, and then slide the boot to the tie-rod end side.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Using a flat tip screwdriver, remove the band from boot.

NOTE: Replace the boot if there is damage, cracks or deterioration.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Band

4) Remove the left and right tie-rods.

  1. Using the ST, loosen the lock nut.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: SPECIAL TOOL CPS (34199AJ060)

  1. Tighten the adjusting screw (a) until it can no longer be tightened.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Remove the tie-rod.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

5) Remove the control valve.

  1. Loosen the adjusting screw (a), and remove the spring (b) and sleeve (c).

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Clean any dirt adhered to the input shaft.
  2. Remove the dust cover (a).

CAUTION:

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Align the ST pin with plug hole to install, and then rotate the ST counterclockwise to remove plug (b).

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: PLUG-WRENCH (34199AE090)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Remove the valve assembly (c).

CAUTION: Be careful not to scratch the seal rings (d) and inner surface of the valve housing.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

6) Remove the rack.

  1. Remove the holder (a).

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Attach the ST1 to the pinion housing side of the rack.
  2. Push the rack so that the rack piston (b) pushes out the outer side oil seal (a) to be removed.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST1: INSTALLER & REMOVER (34199FE000)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

NOTE: Block the pipe connection of steering body to prevent fluid from flowing out.

  1. Insert the ST2 from the valve side of the rack, and push out the back-up ring (c) and oil seal (d).

PREPARATION TOOL: ST2: REMOVER (34199FE010)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

NOTE: Block the pipe connection of steering body to prevent fluid from flowing out.

7) Repair the crimped portion of cylinder.

  1. Using ST, repair the crimped portion of cylinder (a).

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: PUNCH (34099FA080)
ST2: BASE (34199FE020)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. If the cylinder edge is deformed in a convex shape, repair using an oil stone.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

8) Using the ST, press the oil seal (a) out of plug.

CAUTION: Do not apply force on the plug edge surface.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: OIL SEAL PLUG REMOVER (34199AE100)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

9) Remove the oil seal from the valve housing.

  1. Set the ST at a size shown in the figure.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: GEARBOX OIL SEAL REMOVER (34199AE120)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Set the stopper (b) to gearbox, then insert the tip of the ST to the gearbox.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. By fixing section (A), press-in the rod (c) while rotating it and catch the oil seal (a).
  2. While fixing section (A), pull out the oil seal (a) by rotating nut (d).

CAUTION: Take care not to scratch the gearbox inner surface.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

D: ASSEMBLY

1) Secure the gearbox to the ST.

CAUTION: Secure the gearbox assembly in a vise using ST as shown. Do not secure the gearbox without this ST.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: STAND (926200000)
ST2: BOSS D (34199AG000)

  1. Replace BOSS of STAND (ST1) with BOSS D (ST2).
  2. Using the clamp (a) removed from vehicle body, attach the gearbox assembly to ST.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

2) Apply a coat of grease to needle bearing.

CAUTION: Make sure the needle bearing is free from defects. If it is faulty, replace the steering body with a new part.

3) Install the oil seal.

  1. Apply a coat of grease to the inside and outside of the new oil seal.

Steering grease: VALIANT GREASE M2

  1. Verify the direction of the oil seal and installation position.
  2. Using the ST and a press, press-fit the oil seal (a) into the gearbox.

CAUTION:

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: GEARBOX OIL SEAL INSTALLER (34199AE130)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

4) Using the ST, install the inner oil seal (a) to the rack.

  1. Using (ST-A) and (ST-B), install the inner oil seal (a) to (ST-C).

CAUTION: Pay attention to the orientation of the oil seal.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: INSTALLER A, B, C (34199FE040)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Insert (ST-C) with oil seal assembled from the gear side of rack (b).
  2. Remove the inner oil seal (a) from (ST-C) near piston (c), and then remove (ST-C) from rack.
  3. Install the back-up washer (d) from the gear side of rack (b).

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

5) Then insert the rack into steering body.

  1. Apply a coat of grease to the grooves in rack, sliding surface of sleeve and sealing surface of piston.
  2. Then insert the rack into steering body from cylinder side.
  3. Temporarily tighten the holder (a) to gearbox cylinder.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

NOTE: For temporarily tightening, reuse the holder removed during disassembly.

  1. Place a mark (b) at the location 9 mm (0.35 in) from the ST end surface.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: INSTALLER & REMOVER (34199FE000)

  1. Set the ST to the end of rack.
  2. Using a press, press-fit until the mark (b) on the ST is aligned with the end surface of the holder.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Remove the ST and temporarily tightened holder.

6) Insert the outer oil seal (e) into the rack using the same procedure as step 4).

  1. Using (ST-A) and (ST-B), install the outer oil seal (e) to (ST-C).

CAUTION: Pay attention to the orientation of the oil seal.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: INSTALLER A, B, C (34199FE040)

  1. Insert (ST-C) with outer oil seal (e) assembled into the rack (b).
  2. Remove the outer oil seal (e) from (ST-C), and then remove (ST-C) from rack (b).

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Make the ST1 pass through the rack, and then press in the rack and ST2 using a press.
  2. Press in the outer oil seal (e) until ST1 and ST2 contact each other, and the rack end face is aligned with the end face of ST.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: GUIDE (34199FE050)
ST2: INSTALLER (34199FE060)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

7) Install the holder (a) to the steering body (b).

  1. Install a new holder to the cylinder side of steering body.

Tightening torque: 75 N*m (7.65 kgf-m, 55.3 ft-lb)

  1. Using the ST, crimp one location less than 3 mm (0.12 in) from the holder.

CAUTION: Be careful not to deform the holder.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: PUNCH HOLDER (34099FA060)
ST2: BASE (34199FE020)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

8) Install the valve assembly.

  1. Replace the O-ring (c) of plug (b) circumference with a new O-ring.
  2. Apply grease on the oil seal (a) circumference, and then press it into the plug using ST1 and a press.

CAUTION:

PREPARATION TOOL: ST1: OIL SEAL PLUG INSTALLER (34199AE110)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Roll a vinyl tape (d) on the serration portion of valve assembly, and then apply grease on the tape surface.
  2. Apply a coat of grease on the gear teeth of the valve assembly, and then attach the valve assembly.

CAUTION: Be careful not to scratch the oil seals (e) and seal ring (f).

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Attach the plug (g) using ST2.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST2: PLUG-WRENCH (34199AE090)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Tightening torque: 64 N*m (6.53 kgf-m, 47.2 ft-lb)

  1. Install the dust cover (h), and remove the vinyl tape (d).

9) Temporarily tighten the tie-rod to the rack end, and then operate the rack from lock to lock for two or three times to make it fit in.

CAUTION: If operating the rack from lock to lock without installing tie-rods, it may damage the oil seal. Always install the tie-rods LH and RH.

10) Install the adjusting screw to the steering body.

  1. Apply liquid gasket to 1/3 or more (A) of entire perimeter of adjusting screw thread (c).

Liquid gasket: THREE BOND 1102 or THREE BOND 1215

  1. Apply a coat of grease to the sliding surface (B) of sleeve (a) and seating surface (C) of spring (b), and then insert the sleeve into steering body.
  2. Charge the adjusting screw with grease (D), and then insert the spring into adjusting screw. Then install on the steering body.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Tighten the adjusting screw to the specified torque, then loosen it.

Tightening torque: 9.8 N*m (1.0 kgf-m, 7.2 ft-lb)

  1. Tighten the adjusting screw to the specified torque, then loosen it.

Tightening torque: 6.0 N*m (0.61 kgf-m, 4.4 ft-lb)

  1. Tighten the adjusting screw to the specified torque, then loosen it approx. 30º.

CAUTION: Do not loosen 30º or more.

Tightening torque: 6.0 N*m (0.61 kgf-m, 4.4 ft-lb)

11) Remove the tie-rod which was temporarily tightened in step 9).

12) Check that play and looseness are within specifications. <Ref. to PS-56, SERVICE LIMIT, INSPECTION, Steering Gearbox.>

13) While holding the adjusting screw (a) with a wrench, tighten the lock nut using ST.

CAUTION: Make sure that the screw is not turning while tightening the lock nut.

PREPARATION TOOL: ST: SPECIAL TOOL CPS (34199AJ060)

Tightening torque (lock nut): 39 N*m (3.98 kgf-m, 28.8 ft-lb)

14) Install the tie-rod into rack.

CAUTION: Check the mating face of rack and tie-rod for foreign matter such as dust etc.

Tightening torque: 90 N*m (9.18 kgf-m, 66.4 ft-lb)

15) Install the boot to the housing.

  1. Apply a coat of grease to the tie-rod groove, and then install the boot to the housing.

CAUTION: Make sure that the boot is installed properly without unusual inflation or deflation.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Using the boot clamp pliers, crimp the boot so that the clearance (b) of the boot band (a) crimp portion becomes 2 mm (0.08 in) or less.

CAUTION: Use a new boot band.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Fix the boot end with small clip (1).

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. After installing, check that the boot end is installed to the groove of the tie-rod.
  2. If the tie-rod end has been removed, screw in lock nut and tie-rod end to the screwed portion of tierod, and tighten the lock nut temporarily in a position as shown in the figure.

Installed tie-rod length L: 24 mm (0.9 in)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

16) Inspect the gearbox as follows:

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

17) Remove the ST (STAND and BOSS D) from gearbox.

18) Attach the 4 pipes to the steering body and control valve housing.

E: INSPECTION

1. BASIC INSPECTION

1) Clean all the disassembled parts, and check for wear, damage or any other faults, then repair or replace as necessary.

2) When disassembling, check the inside of gearbox for water. If any water is found, carefully check the boot for damage, input shaft dust seal, adjusting screw and boot clips for poor sealing. If faulty, replace with new parts.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

2. SERVICE LIMIT

Make a measurements as follows. If it exceeds the specified service limits, adjust or replace.

CAUTION: When making a measurement, secure the gearbox in a vise using ST.

When fixing the gearbox in a vise, apply a wooden piece on the flange portion.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST1: STAND (926200000)
ST2: BOSS D (34199AG000)

Rack shaft sliding resistance

Measure the resistance with the rack shaft pulled.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Limit: 650 N (66.2 kgf, 146 lbf) or less

Left/right differential of sliding resistance: 20 % or less

Rack shaft play in the radial direction

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Limit
Direction
Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering): 0.4 mm (0.016 in) or less
Direction
Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering): 0.6 mm (0.024 in) or less

Condition
L: 5 mm (0.20 in)
P: 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Service limit:
Direction
Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering): 0.4 mm (0.016 in) or less
Direction
Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering): 0.4 mm (0.016 in) or less

Input shaft play

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Limit
0.18 mm (0.0071 in) or less

Condition
P: 98 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Service limit
0.27 mm (0.0106 in) or less

Condition
P: 20 - 49 N (2 - 5 kgf, 4 - 11 lbf)

ROTATIONAL RESISTANCE OF GEARBOX

Using the ST, measure the gearbox rotational resistance.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST: SPECIAL TOOL EPS (34099PA100)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Service limit:
Maximum allowable resistance: 30 N (3.1 kgf, 6.7 lbf) or less
Difference between right and left rotational resistance: 20 % or less

3. OIL LEAKAGE

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Power cylinder
  2. Cylinder
  3. Rack piston
  4. Rack axle
  5. Input shaft
  6. Valve housing

1) Lift up the vehicle.

2) If a fluid leak is found, clean the fluid completely from the suspect area, and turn the steering wheel 30 to 40 times to the left and right from lock to lock, with the engine running, and check again for leaks immediately, and also after a few hours have passed.

3) Cause and solution for oil leakage from "a"

The oil seal is damaged. Replace the valve assembly or oil seal with a new part.

4) Cause and solution for oil leakage from "b"

The torsion bar O-ring is damaged. Replace the valve assembly with a new part.

5) Cause and solution for oil leakage from "c"

The oil seal is damaged. Replace the oil seal.

6) Cause and solution for oil leakage from "d"

The pipe is damaged. Replace the faulty pipe or O-ring.

F: ADJUSTMENT

1. GEARBOX BACKLASH ADJUSTMENT (SERVICING ON VEHICLE)

1) Using the ST, loosen the lock nut.

2) Loosen the adjusting screw by using ST, and apply liquid gasket to the entire area of the adjusting screw threads.

PREPARATION TOOL:
ST: SPECIAL TOOL CPS (34199AJ060)

Liquid gasket:
THREE BOND 1102 or THREE BOND 1215

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

3) Tighten the adjusting screw to the specified torque, then loosen it.

Tightening torque: 9.8 N*m (1.0 kgf-m, 7.2 ft-lb)

4) Tighten the adjusting screw to the specified torque, then loosen it.

Tightening torque: 6.0 N*m (0.61 kgf-m, 4.4 ft-lb)

5) Tighten the adjusting screw to the specified torque, then loosen it approx. 30º.

CAUTION: Do not loosen 30º or more.

Tightening torque: 6.0 N*m (0.61 kgf-m, 4.4 ft-lb)

6) Install the lock nut. While holding the adjusting screw, tighten the lock nut using ST.

Tightening torque (lock nut): 39 N*m (3.98 kgf-m, 28.8 ft-lb)

NOTE: Secure the adjusting screw to prevent it from rotating while tightening the lock nut.

2. FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT ADJUSTMENT

1) Adjust the front toe.

<Ref. to FS-12, FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN, INSPECTION, Wheel Alignment.>

2) Check the steering angle of the wheels.

Standard of steering angle:

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

3) If the steering wheel spokes are not horizontal when wheels are set in the straight ahead position, or error is more than 5º on the periphery of the steering wheel, correctly re-install the steering wheel.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. 5º or less

4) If the steering wheel spokes are not horizontal with vehicle set in the straight ahead position after this adjustment, correct it by turning the right and left tie-rods in the opposite direction from each other by the same angle. Also check that there are no abnormal steering force, failure of the steering wheel to return or other faults.

Pipe Assembly

A: REMOVAL

1) Set the vehicle on a lift.

2) Remove the power steering hose bracket and power steering hose.

CAUTION: Plug the removed hose and pipe to prevent foreign matter from entering.

  1. Remove the clip and disconnect the hose (a) from the pipe.
  2. Remove the power steering hose bracket (b).
  3. Remove the hose (c) from power steering pump.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

3) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the under cover.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

  1. Small type
  2. Medium type
  3. Large type

4) Disconnect the hose assembly from the steering gearbox.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

B: INSTALLATION

1) Install each part in the reverse order of removal.

Tightening torque: Refer to "COMPONENT" of "General Description". <Ref. to PS-5, HOSE AND TANK, COMPONENT, General Description.>

2) Fill with recommended power steering fluid and perform air bleeding. <Ref. to PS-77, Power Steering Fluid.>

CAUTION: Never start the engine before filling with fluid; otherwise the vane pump may become seized.

C: INSPECTION

Check all disassembled parts for wear, damage or other problems. Repair or replace the defective parts as necessary.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

CAUTION: Although the surface layer materials of rubber hoses have excellent weathering resistance, heat resistance and resistance for low temperature brittleness, they are likely to be damaged chemically by brake fluid, battery electrolyte, engine oil and automatic transmission fluid and their service lives are to be very shortened. Wipe off hoses immediately if any of these come into contact with the hoses.

Since resistances for heat or low temperature brittleness are gradually declining according to time accumulation of hot or cold conditions for the hoses and their service lives are shortening accordingly, it is necessary to perform careful inspection frequently when the vehicle is used in hot weather areas, cold weather areas and a driving condition in which many steering operations are required in short time.

Continuous discharge of the relief valve for 5 seconds or more will reduce the service lives of hoses, oil pump, fluid, etc., due to over heating.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

NOTE: There are conditions in which a fluid leak is diagnosed, but is not actually leaking. This is because the fluid spilt during the last maintenance was not completely wiped off. Be sure to wipe off spilt fluid thoroughly after maintenance.

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

Subaru Outback. Power Assisted System (Power Steering)

READ NEXT:

 Oil Pump

A: REMOVAL 1) Disconnect the ground cable from battery. 2) Remove the V-belts. <Ref. to ME(H4SO)-43, REMOVAL, V-belt.> 3) Remove the power steering oil pump assembly. Disconnect the connecto

 Body

 HVAC System (Heater, Ventilator and A/C)

SEE MORE:

 Front seats

WARNING ● Never adjust the seat while driving to avoid the possibility of loss of vehicle control and of personal injury. ● Before adjusting the seat, make sure the hands and feet of rear seat passengers or cargo are clear of the adjusting mechanism. ● After adjusting the se

 Tire care – maintenance and safety practices

● Check on a daily basis that the tires are free from serious damage, nails, and stones. At the same time, check the tires for abnormal wear. ● Inspect the tire tread regularly and replace the tires before their tread wear indicators become visible. When a tire’s tread wear indica

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