Subaru Outback manuals

Subaru Outback: Wheel Alignment

A: INSPECTION

Check the following items before performing the wheel alignment measurement.

Check, adjust and measure the wheel alignment in accordance with the following procedures.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

1. WHEEL ARCH HEIGHT

1) Park the vehicle on a level surface.

2) Empty the vehicle so that it is at "curb weight". (Empty the luggage compartment, load the spare tire, jack and service tools, and fill up the fuel tank.)

3) Set the steering wheel in a straight-ahead position, and stabilize the suspension by moving the vehicle in a straight line for 5 m (16 ft) or more.

4) Suspend a thread from the wheel arch (point "A" in the figure below) and affix at a position directly above the center of wheel.

5) Measure the distance between the point "A" and the center of wheel.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Wheel arch height
  2. Front fender
  3. Rear quarter
  4. Front wheel arch height
  5. Rear wheel arch height
  6. Flange bend line
  7. Point of measurement
  8. End of spindle

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

2. CAMBER

1) Place the front wheel on the turning radius gauge.

NOTE: Make sure the ground contact surfaces of the front and rear wheels are at the same height.

2) Set the adapter into the center of wheel, and then set the wheel alignment gauge.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Alignment gauge
  2. Turning radius gauge
  3. Adapter

3) Measure the camber angle in accordance with the operation manual for wheel alignment gauge.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

3. CASTER

1) Place the front wheel on the turning radius gauge. Make sure the ground contact surfaces of the front and rear wheels are at the same height.

2) Set the adapter into the center of wheel, and then set the wheel alignment gauge.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Alignment gauge
  2. Turning radius gauge
  3. Adapter

3) Measure the caster angle in accordance with the operation manual for wheel alignment gauge.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

4. STEERING ANGLE

1) Place the vehicle on turning radius gauge.

2) While depressing the brake pedal, turn the steering wheel fully to the left and right.

3) With the steering wheel held at each fully turned position, measure both the inner and outer wheel steering angles.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

5. FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN

Toe-in: Inspection value 1+-3 mm (0.04+-0.12 in)

1) Set the toe-in gauge in the position at wheel axis center height behind the right and left front tires.

2) Place a mark at the center of both left and right tires, and measure distance "A" between the marks.

3) Move the vehicle forward to rotate the tires 180º.

NOTE: Be sure to rotate the tires in the forward direction.

4) Measure the distance "B" between the left and right marks. Find toe-in using the following calculation:

A - B = Toe-in

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

6. REAR WHEEL TOE-IN

Refer to the FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN for rear toe-in inspection procedures. <Ref. to FS-12, STEERING ANGLE, INSPECTION, Wheel Alignment.>

Toe-in: Inspection value
Other than OUTBACK model: 0+-3 mm (0+-0.12 in)
OUTBACK model: 2+-3 mm (0.08+-0.12 in)

7. THRUST ANGLE

1) Park the vehicle on a level surface.

2) Move the vehicle 3 to 4 meters (10 to 13 feet) straight forward.

3) Draw the center of loci for both the front and rear axles.

4) Measure distance "L" between the center lines of the axle loci.

Thrust angle: Inspection value
0º+-30′
Less than 30′ when "L" is 23 mm (0.9 in) or less

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Center line of loci (front axle)
  2. Center line of loci (rear axle)

B: ADJUSTMENT

1. FRONT CAMBER

1) Adjust the camber angle to the following value.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

2) Loosen the two flange nuts located at the front lower section of the strut.

NOTE: When the adjusting bolt needs to be loosened or tightened, hold its head with a wrench and turn the flange nut.

3) Turn the camber adjusting bolt so that the camber is set at specification.

NOTE: Moving the adjusting bolt by one scale changes the camber by approximately 0º15′.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Strut
  2. Adjusting bolt
  3. Front axle housing
  4. Outer
  5. Inner
  6. Camber is increased.
  7. Camber is decreased.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

4) Tighten two new flange nuts.

Tightening torque: 155 N*m (15.81 kgf-m, 114.3 ft-lb)

2. STEERING ANGLE

1) Adjust the steering angle of both inner and outer wheels.

  1. Loosen the steering tie-rod lock nut (a), and rotate the tie-rod.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Turn the tie-rod to adjust the steering angle of both inner and outer wheels.
  2. Tighten the steering tie-rod lock nut (a).

Tightening torque: 85 N*m (8.67 kgf-m, 62.7 ft-lb)

NOTE: Check and correct the tie-rod boot if twisted.

2) Check the toe-in. <Ref. to FS-12, STEERING ANGLE, INSPECTION, Wheel Alignment.>

3. FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN

When adjusting the toe-in, adjust it to the following value. <Ref. to FS-15, STEERING ANGLE, ADJUSTMENT, Wheel Alignment.>

Toe-in: Adjustment value 1+-2 mm (0.04+-0.08 in)

1) Check that the left and right wheel steering angles are within specification.

2) Loosen the left and right side steering tie-rod lock nuts (a).

3) Turn the left and right tie-rods by equal amounts until the toe-in is at the specification.

NOTE: Both the left and right tie-rods are right-hand threaded. To increase toe-in, turn both tie-rods clockwise by equal amount (viewing from the inside of vehicle).

4) Tighten the tie-rod lock nut.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

Tightening torque: 85 N*m (8.67 kgf-m, 62.7 ft-lb)

5) Check and correct the tie-rod boot if twisted.

4. REAR WHEEL TOE-IN

When adjusting, adjust it to the following value.

Toe-in: Adjustment value
Other than OUTBACK model: 0+-2 mm (0+-0.08 in)
OUTBACK model: 2+-2 mm (0.08+-0.08 in)

1) Loosen the self-locking nut for the front lateral link.

NOTE: When loosening or tightening the adjusting bolt, hold the bolt head and turn the self-locking nut.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Adjusting bolt
  2. Lateral link

2) Turn the adjusting bolt until toe-in is within the specification.

NOTE: When the left and right wheels are adjusted for toe-in at the same time, the movement of one scale graduation changes toe-in by approx. 1.3 mm (0.05 in).

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

3) Attach and tighten a new self-locking nut.

Tightening torque: 120 N*m (12.24 kgf-m, 88.5 ft-lb)

5. THRUST ANGLE

When adjusting, adjust it to the following value.

Thrust angle: Adjustment value
0º+-20′
Less than 20′ when "L" is 15 mm (0.6 in) or less

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Center line of loci (front axle)
  2. Center line of loci (rear axle)

1) Make thrust angle adjustments by turning the toe-in adjusting bolts of the rear suspension equally in the same direction.

2) When one rear wheel is adjusted in a toe-in direction, adjust the other rear wheel equally in toe-out direction, in order to make the thrust angle adjustment.

3) When the left and right adjusting bolts are turned by one graduation, the thrust angle will change approx. 15′. ("L" is approx. 11 mm (0.43 in) ).

NOTE: Thrust angle is a mean value of left and right wheel toe angles in relation to the vehicle body center line.

Vehicle is driven straight in the thrust angle direction while slanting in the oblique direction depending on the degree of the mean thrust angle.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Thrust angle
  2. Body center line

Thrust angle
γ = (α - β)/2

α: Rear RH wheel toe-in angle
β: Rear LH wheel toe-in angle

Substitute only the positive toe-in values from each wheel into α and β in the calculation.

Subaru Outback. Front Suspension

  1. Front
  2. Body center line

READ NEXT:

 Cradle

A: REMOVAL 1) Set the vehicle on a lift. 2) Adjust the tilt position of the steering column to the lowest position and lock the tilt lever. 3) Prevent the steering wheel from turning using the seat

 Front Stabilizer

A: REMOVAL 1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the left and right front wheels. 2) Remove the front under cover. <Ref. to EI-35, REMOVAL, Front Under Cover.> 3) Remove the center exhaust p

 Front Ball Joint

A: REMOVAL 1) Lift up the vehicle, and then remove the front wheels. 2) Remove the left and right stabilizer brackets. 3) Remove the ball joint. Extract the cotter pin (a) from the ball stud. Rem

SEE MORE:

 Electronic parking brake

1) Parking brake switch 2) Hill Holder switch 3) Indicator light WARNING ● Before exiting the vehicle, make sure that you turn off the engine. Otherwise, the parking brake may be released and an accident may occur. ● If the brake system warning light flashes, the electronic park

 Automatic release function by accelerator pedal

The electronic parking brake system has an automatic release function. The parking brake will be automatically released by depressing the accelerator pedal. However, the automatic release function does not operate under the following conditions. ● Any door (other than the trunk lid or rea

© 2010-2022 Copyright www.suoutback.com